help or arrange for anyone to carry out FGM abroad on girls who are British Nationals or UK residents
help a girl to carry out FGM on herself
fail to protect a girl under 16 who is known to be at risk of FGM
FGM carries a penalty of up to 14 years in prison.
There are a number of signs a girl could have been a victim of FGM:
changes in behaviour
missing school, particularly after a trip to a country where FGM is common
spending long periods of time out of the classroom
spending longer than usual going to the toilet
avoiding going to the toilet
discomfort when sitting down
avoiding physical exercise
frequent menstrual or urinary infections
Children often don't know that FGM is going to take place. This means there may be few warning signs before it happens. But, sometimes children do know in advance, which can lead to a change in their behaviour, such as seeking advice or help from professionals and friends.